What is Anxiety? its Types and Therapy

Anxiety and Tensions are normal emotions that anyone can feel.

Anxiety can be a driving force to solve certain difficulties well, but some people feel tension and anxiety more than normal reactions to trivial problems for no particular reason and last for a long time. In this case, treatment is recommended.

How does your body react when you feel anxious?

  • Your heart beats faster and faster, making your chest pound and your palms sweaty.
  • Your chest feels tight and feel out of breath.
  • You may feel stuffy as if something is hanging in your throat.
  • Frequent urination, loss of appetite, and poor gastrointestinal function.
  • Insomnia is present and often accompanied by headaches.

Anxiety Therapy

How to Reduce Anxiety

    • Self-regulation (in many cases muscle relaxation, abdominal breathing, biofeedback, self-hypnosis, meditation, regular exercise)
    • Avoid excessive consumption of caffeinated drinks or excessive alcohol, and if you are taking drugs, you should stop.
    • Drinking alcohol to get rid of anxiety right away, or taking drugs without a prescription should be prohibited.
    • If possible, discuss your concerns openly with someone you trust.

Types of Anxiety Disorders
According to studies so far, three factors, biological factors, genetic factors, and psychosocial factors, work in combination with each other to cause depression. Since the contribution of these three factors varies from patient to patient, it is helpful to look for these factors in treatment.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

  1. General anxiety disorder
  2. Social phobia
  3. Panic disorder agoraphobia
  4. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  5. Post-traumatic stress disorder

How to treat these Anxiety Disorders:

1. General anxiety disorder

General anxiety disorder

It is a case of continuous and widespread anxiety that is not limited to any specific situation. You can say that you always live with anxiety and worry, and you may show various physical symptoms (tension headache, hand tremors, dry mouth, indigestion, etc.).

Therapy for General Anxiety Disorder

We need to first make sure that the anxiety is not caused by a physical illness, so we run some tests to check the results. You should tell your doctor if you are taking alcohol, caffeinated beverages, or diet medications. If there is stress in daily life, try to find a solution or accept it, and learn how to control yourself through muscle relaxation or regular exercise. If your physical symptoms are severe and interfere with your daily life, you can receive medication.

2. Social phobia

Social phobia

Fear of standing in front of people or complaining of insecurity about people staring at them. You will experience great inconvenience in your daily life, especially in your work life, and your self-confidence will drop significantly.

Therapy for Social Phobia

First of all, it is important to have the confidence and courage to overcome the state of fear by accurately identifying the object of fear and approaching the object or situation that one fears little by little.
If the symptoms are severe and interfere with daily life, medication can reduce serious injuries.

3. Panic disorder and agoraphobia

Panic disorder and agoraphobia

Panic disorder is a sudden, unpredictable, and relatively short period of extreme anxiety or fear. It is characterized by chest tightness, suffocation, and extreme fear of imminent death and fear of recurrence.

Medication for Panic Disorder:

Antidepressants/antianxiety medications are used.
(i) Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) do not appear immediately to eliminate panic, but have a lasting and preventive effect and are not habit-forming, so they are used for long-term treatment and prevention of recurrence.
(ii) Benzodiazepine-type anti-anxiety drugs have the effect of relieving anxiety right away, and are used for initial treatment because they have the advantage of quickly creating a comfortable state.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

It is a combination of behavioral therapy and cognitive psychology. It is a professional treatment method that helps adults or children solve problems by restructuring the process of thinking and cognitive function to alleviate severe injuries and ultimately help patients become therapists themselves. Injihamdong therapy alone has a great therapeutic effect, and even when combined with drug therapy, it shows excellent treatment results.

4. Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

It is a disorder in which one person continues to think or act even when he or she does not want to.

It manifests itself in the form of obsessions about uncleanness (constant washing of hands, reassurance of constant checking, locking the door, and checking repeatedly).

Therapy for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:

It is difficult to be cured in a short period of time, and it is recommended to continue to receive treatment while living a daily life as much as possible. It is usually effective when a combination of medication and behavioral therapy is used.

5. Post-traumatic stress disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder

It occurs due to the shock received at the time of an accident caused by means of transportation such as war, automobile, train, airplane, etc., and a life-threatening disaster such as industrial accident, assault, rape, flood, storm, earthquake, or volcanic eruption.

Therapy Post traumatic stress disorder

In mild cases, it is recommended to return to normal life as soon as possible while receiving appropriate medical treatment and counseling or EMDR treatment.

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